References

Affairs, T. V. (2005). Focus on Effectiveness. Retrieved October 25, 2012, from http://www.netc.org/focus/strategies/summ.php

Alexander, P.A., Kulikowich, J.M., & Schulze, S.K. (1994). How subject-matter knowledge affects recall and interest. American [[#|Educational]] Research Journal, 31(2), 313-337.

Brookbank, D., Grover, S., Kullberg, K., & Strawser, C. (1999). Improving student achievement through organization of student learning. Chicago: Master's Action Research Project, Saint Xavier University and IRI/Skylight. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED435094)

Buzzle. Kinesthetic Learners. October 29, 2012. http://www.buzzle.com/articles/kinesthetic-learners.html

Cooperative Learning. (n.d.). Retrieved November 3, 2012, from Teacher Vison: http://www.teachervision.fen.com/pro-dev/cooperative-learning/48531.html

Fillippone, M. (1998). Questioning at the elementary level. Master's thesis, Kean University. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 417 421).

Fries-Gaither, Jessica. Vocabulary Development and Nonlinguistic Representations: How can science help? October 29, 2012. http://beyondpenguins.ehe.osu.edu/issue/weather-and-climate-from-home-to-the-poles/vocabulary-development-and-nonlinguistic-representations-how-can-science-help

Fowler, T.W. (1975, March). An investigation of the teacher behavior of wait-time during an inquiry science lesson. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching, Los Angeles. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 108 872).

Hake, R. R. (1998). Interactive-engagement versus traditional methods: A six-thousand-student [[#|survey]] of mechanics test data for introductory physics courses. American Journal of Physics, 66, 64-74.

Homework Policy. (2012). Retrieved November 3, 2012, from Delano Public Schools: http://www.delano.k12.mn.us/middle-school/information/homework-policy

Instructional Strategies Onlne. (n.d.). Retrieved November 3, 2012, from http://olc.spsd.sk.ca/de/pd/instr/strats/coop/index.html

Lavoie, D.R. (1999). Effects of emphasizing hypothetico-predictive reasoning within the science learning cycle on high school [[#|students]]' process skills and conceptual understanding in biology. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 36(10), 1127-1147.

Lavoie, D.R., & Good, R. (1988). The nature and use of prediction skills in biological computer simulation. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 25, 334-360.

Lawson, A.E. (1998). A better way to teach biology. The American Biology Teacher, 50, 266-278.

LLC, Child 1st Publications. Kinesthetic Learners. October 29, 2012. http://child-1st.typepad.com/my_weblog/kinesthetic-learners/
Marzano, R.J., Pickering, D.J., & Pollock, J.E. (2001). Classroom instruction that works: Research-based strategies for increasing student achievement. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Marzano Research Laboratory. (2009). About Dr. Mazano. Marzano research laboratory. Retrieved October 24,2008. From http://www.marzanoresearch.com/About/about_dr_marzano.aspx.

Moore, D. W., & Readence, J.E. (1984). A quantitative and qualitative review of graphic organizer research. Journal of Educational Research, 78 (1), 11-17.

Mueller, D.D. (1973). Teacher questioning practices in reading. Reading World, 12(2), 136-145. National Council of Teachers of English (1996). Standards in the teaching of English Language Arts. International Reading Associates.

Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory. (2005). Cues questions and advance organizers. Focus on Effectiveness. Retrieved October 28, 2012. From http://www.netc.org/focus/strategies/cues.php.

Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory. (2005). Generating and testing hypotheses. Focus on Effectiveness. Retrieved October 28, 2012. From http://www.netc.org/focus/strategies/cues.php.

Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory. Nonlinguistic Representation. October 29, 2012. http://www.netc.org/focus/strategies/nonl.php
Ogle, D. S. (1986). K-W-L group instructional strategy. In A. S. Palincsar, D. S. Ogle, B. F. Jones, & E. G. Carr (Eds.), Teaching reading as thinking (Teleconference Resource Guide, pp. 11-17). Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Paivio, A. (1986). Mental representations: A dual coding approach. New York: Oxford University Press.

Redfield, D. L., & Rousseau, E. W. (1981). A meta-analysis of experimental research on teacher questioning behavior. Review of Educational Research, 51(2), 237-245.

Risner, G.P., Nicholson, J.I. & Webb, B. (1994). Levels of comprehension promoted by the Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition (CIRC) Program. Florence: University of North Alabama. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 381 751)

Summarizing and Note Taking. (n.d.). Retrieved October 29, 2012, from Focus on Effectiveness: http://www.netc.org/focus/strategies/summ.php

Sprout Labs. Learning Activities for Visual Learners. October 29, 2012. http://www.sproutlabs.com.au/learning-activities-for-visual-learners/

Stone, C. L. (1983). A meta-analysis of advanced organizer studies. Journal of Experimental Education, 51(7), 194-199.

White, B.Y., & Frederickson, J.R. (1997). The ThinkerTools inquiry project: Making scientific inquiry accessible to students. Princeton, NJ: Center for Performance Assessment, Educational Testing Service.

White, B.Y., & Frederickson, J.R. (1998). Inquiry, modeling, and metacognition: Making science accessible to all students. Cognition and Instruction 16(1):3-117.